(krŏn'ĭ-kəl) n. An extended account in prose or verse of historical events, sometimes including legendary material, presented in chronological order and without authorial interpretation or comment. A detailed narrative record or report.

Tuesday, 27 November 2012


October 03, 2009
10:30 pm

Psalm 46:1-3
English Standard Version (ESV)
God Is Our Fortress
To the choirmaster. Of the Sons of Korah. According to Alamoth.[a] A Song.

46 God is our refuge and strength,
    a very present[b] help in trouble.
Therefore we will not fear though the earth gives way,
    though the mountains be moved into the heart of the sea,
though its waters roar and foam,
    though the mountains tremble at its swelling. Selah

Psalm 121:1-2

English Standard Version (ESV)

My Help Comes from the Lord

A Song of Ascents.

121 I lift up my eyes to the hills.
    From where does my help come?
My help comes from the Lord,
    who made heaven and earth.

Psalm 56:3-4

English Standard Version (ESV)
When I am afraid,
    I put my trust in you.
In God, whose word I praise,
    in God I trust; I shall not be afraid.
    What can flesh do to me?

Psalm 62:5-7

English Standard Version (ESV)
For God alone, O my soul, wait in silence,
    for my hope is from him.
He only is my rock and my salvation,
    my fortress; I shall not be shaken.
On God rests my salvation and my glory;
    my mighty rock, my refuge is God.

Psalm 73:25-26

English Standard Version (ESV)
25 Whom have I in heaven but you?
    And there is nothing on earth that I desire besides you.
26 My flesh and my heart may fail,
    but God is the strength[a] of my heart and my portion forever.

Sunday, 25 November 2012

Master's Men: Matthew and Thomas

SEPTEMBER 26, 2009


Text: Matthew 10:3b


I.              MATTHEW


Matthew 9:9

English Standard Version (ESV)

Jesus Calls Matthew

 9 As Jesus passed on from there, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tax booth, and he said to him, “Follow me.” And he rose and followed him.


Matthew 10:3

English Standard Version (ESV)

3 Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew the tax collector; James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; [a]

-       Tax collector: most hated, despised, despicable, human being in the society of Israel

-       Genuine humility and sense of sinful unworthiness

-       Never speaks, never asks questions, never makes a comment, never appears in an incident

-       Wrote the Gospel Matthew with 28 chapters on the majesty of the King of Kings

-       Traitor, extortionist, robber and thief

-       Greedy, social pariah/outcast


2 kinds of Tax Collectors:

1.    Gabbai- general tax collectors

-       Collect property tax, income tax, poll tax

2.    Mokhes- collected the duties

-       Set tolls- on roads, bridges, harbors on everything

-       Matthew taxed everything

2 Kinds of Mokhes:

1.    Great Mokhes- guy who hired some herding to the tax collecting

2.    Little Mokhes- too cheap to hire somebody to collect the taxes, he was so greedy he did it himself.

-       Matthew is a little Mokhe

-       Levi – in the flow of Jewish tradition (Gospel of Matthew has more quotes of the Old Testament than in 3 Gospels)

-       Knew the Old Testament: 3 sections of Old Testament: the law, the prophets, and Hagiographa (the Holy Writings)

Following Jesus:

1.    He walked away from his career

2.    Identified with somebody who was equally rejected by the establishment


Matthew 9:10

English Standard Version (ESV)

 10 And as Jesus[a] reclined at table in the house, behold, many tax collectors and sinners came and were reclining with Jesus and his disciples.

-       Confession of sin, repentance, forgiveness

-       Knew he was a sinner, knew his graft, his abuse, his extortion, his greed, he betrayed his people, he could be bought for money

-       He despised all these things, he wanted out, wanted a way

-       He ran to get the forgiveness of all his sins

-       Was willing to say goodbye to his career, everything because he needed forgiveness


Matthew was a criminal, an outcast, most hated of men. He was utterly convinced of his sins and when given an opportunity to believe, he believed and he followed.




October 03, 2009

II.            THOMAS

-       Thomas (Didymus- twin)

-       Always come in mind “the doubter”


John 11:14-16

English Standard Version (ESV)

14 Then Jesus told them plainly, “Lazarus has died, 15 and for your sake I am glad that I was not there, so that you may believe. But let us go to him.” 16 So Thomas, called the Twin,[a] said to his fellow disciples, “Let us also go, that we may die with him.”

What we learn:

1.    Initiative

2.    Pessimism


-       Totally believed in Him

-       Equaled too John and had such a deep and intense love for Jesus that he could not endure existence without Him

-       Willing to die

-       Man of courage and a man of love

-       He could die for Him before he’d be disloyal

John 14:5

English Standard Version (ESV)

5 Thomas said to him, “Lord, we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?”

John 20:24 (when Jesus died)

English Standard Version (ESV)

Jesus and Thomas

 24 Now Thomas, one of the Twelve, called the Twin,[a] was not with them when Jesus came.

-       Felt betrayed, rejected, forsaken

-       Out of love that he was shattered

-       Was out and he was depressed because he loved so deeply

John 20:25

English Standard Version (ESV)

25 So the other disciples told him, “We have seen the Lord.” But he said to them, “Unless I see in his hands the mark of the nails, and place my finger into the mark of the nails, and place my hand into his side, I will never believe.”

-       Pessimist – won’t believe unless seen

John 20:26

English Standard Version (ESV)

 26 Eight days later, his disciples were inside again, and Thomas was with them. Although the doors were locked, Jesus came and stood among them and said, “Peace be with you.”

-       The Lord doesn’t mind wanting to be sure, He accommodates that desire

-       ‘MY LORD AND MY GOD’: the greatest single confession ever made, affirmed the deity of Christ, affirmed the Lordship of Jesus Christ, affirmed that He was GOD.




Father, we thank You that the ability that You want from us is availability. Thank You that You can take the unqualified and do the transforming of their lives. What a happy privilege, God. What a happy privilege that we should be used. I know my own weaknesses. All of us do . . .our sins, our failings. And yet You use us. You use us for Your Kingdom. You use us to advance Your cause, to preach Your truth, to bring people into the knowledge of God. You use us to sing Your praise. You use us to bring petitions that activate Your sovereign power. You use us. We thank You that we are the company of the unqualified who have been transformed to useful vessels.. .vessels of honor, fit for the Master’s use.

Lord, if there are some in our fellowship this morning, who have never come to Jesus Christ, may they confess as Thomas did - My Lord and my God. May their hearts open up. May they receive Jesus as Lord and Savior and in so receiving come into divine usefulness...o the pity of a life without purpose.. .the pity of an eternity without value. May we know that the only meaning in time and eternity comes in serving You. And may we know that You can fit us for that, no matter what our weaknesses are. May the truth that we have learned today linger in our hearts and make us better than we were had we not been here. For Your glory, in Christ’s name. Amen.



Wednesday, 21 November 2012

Master's Men: Philip

SEPTEMBER 12, 2009


Text: Matthew 10:3

-       nobody is qualified, but God use the unqualified to do the impossible. this is how God works. HE TAKES THE UNQUALIFIED.

-       God uses unqualified people, moves into their lives with saving, sanctifying grace and Himself transforms them into usefulness.



-       Greek name- “lover of horses”

-       don’t know his Jewish name

-       always on the 2nd list, always head of the 2nd list, leader of group 2

-       fellow townsmen at Bethsaida

-       fisherman (John 21:1-3)

John 21:1-3

English Standard Version (ESV)

Jesus Appears to Seven Disciples

 1 After this Jesus revealed himself again to the disciples by the Sea of Tiberias, and he revealed himself in this way. 2 Simon Peter, Thomas (called the Twin), Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two others of his disciples were together. 3 Simon Peter said to them, “I am going fishing.” They said to him, “We will go with you.” They went out and got into the boat, but that night they caught nothing.


-       not mention in 3 Gospels but only his name

-       John’s gospel mentioned him 4x


john 1:43

English Standard Version (ESV)

Jesus Calls Philip and Nathanael

 43 The next day Jesus decided to go to Galilee. He found Philip and said to him, “Follow me.”


-       1st individual to whom the Lord expressly said FOLLOW ME

-       has a seeking heart

John 1:44-45

English Standard Version (ESV)

44 Now Philip was from Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter. 45 Philip found Nathanael and said to him, “We have found him of whom Moses in the Law and also the prophets wrote, Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.”


-       from the Lord’s viewpoint, HE FOUND PHILIP, for Philip’s viewpoint HE FOUND THE LORD

·         Sovereign side- GOD FOUND YOU

·         Human side- You found HIM,

·         In order for it to happen, BOTH of you had to be SEEKING


Jeremiah 29:13

English Standard Version (ESV)

13 You will seek me and find me, when you seek me with all your heart.


-       it is God seeking, it is man seeking

-       God seeks that TRUE HEART that seeks HIM.

-       PHILIP was seeking the truth, studying the law and the prophets


1.    He was seeking the Messiah

-       God fearing Jew

-       religious, truly religious

-       honest heart

-       response when being found was to find somebody else- Nathanael (greatest source of evangelism is FRIENDSHIP)

-       IMMEDIATE RESPONSE TO SALVATION IS EVANGELISM- find somebody else and tell them the good news

-       had a friend, cared about his friend and wanted to know Him

-       has the heart of an EVANGELIST, as well as a SEEKING HEART



John 6:1-15

English Standard Version (ESV)

Jesus Feeds the Five Thousand

 1 After this Jesus went away to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, which is the Sea of Tiberias. 2 And a large crowd was following him, because they saw the signs that he was doing on the sick. 3 Jesus went up on the mountain, and there he sat down with his disciples. 4 Now the Passover, the feast of the Jews, was at hand. 5 Lifting up his eyes, then, and seeing that a large crowd was coming toward him, Jesus said to Philip, “Where are we to buy bread, so that these people may eat?” 6 He said this to test him, for he himself knew what he would do. 7 Philip answered him, “Two hundred denarii[a] worth of bread would not be enough for each of them to get a little.” 8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to him, 9 “There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and two fish, but what are they for so many?” 10 Jesus said, “Have the people sit down.” Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, about five thousand in number. 11Jesus then took the loaves, and when he had given thanks, he distributed them to those who were seated. So also the fish, as much as they wanted. 12 And when they had eaten their fill, he told his disciples, “Gather up the leftover fragments, that nothing may be lost.”13 So they gathered them up and filled twelve baskets with fragments from the five barley loaves left by those who had eaten. 14 When the people saw the sign that he had done, they said, “This is indeed the Prophet who is to come into the world!”

 15 Perceiving then that they were about to come and take him by force to make him king, Jesus withdrew again to the mountain by himself.

-       PHILIP was in charge of food


2.    never entered into his mind that the Lord was SUPERNATURAL, he utterly eluded Christ could do a creative miracle.

-       he calculated the whole deal: analytical, pragmatic

-       too much arithmetic to be adventurous


-       has a sense of “impossible”- think headed

-       Christ was teaching Him about FAITH

-       materialist- man of practical common sense

-       had measurements, methodical, mechanical

-       facts and figures guy- always going by what appeared on the human level.


John 12:20-22

English Standard Version (ESV)

Some Greeks Seek Jesus

 20 Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks. 21 So these came to Philip, who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and asked him, “Sir, we wish to see Jesus.” 22 Philip went and told Andrew; Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.


3.    was not decisive, not forceful

-       still living in Matthew 10:5-6, about Gentiles

-       doesn’t see a bigger vision

-       didn’t get the message of grace (John 6:3-7)

-       a literalist- always going by the book

3 years later

John 14:8

English Standard Version (ESV)

 8 Philip said to him, “Lord, show us the Father, and it is enough for us.”

4.    his spiritual vision is nil, everything is superficial with him

-       ignorant and slow of heart

-       he didn’t get lesson 1: JESUS IS GOD, 3 years , he didn’t get it

-       so skeptical, so unconvinced

-       man with limited ability, inadequate faith

-       imperfect understanding

-       a man who fools around with numbers instead of meditating

-       stuck on the level of rules and codes and stuff instead of seeing God

-       pessimistic, reluctant insecure, unsure, analytical, skeptical man

-       saw facts and figures and missed the big picture of POWER AND GRACE

-       his faith was limited by money, circumstances and proof




NAZARETH- unrefined, no class, rowdy place, wild place, uneducated, nothing come out but trouble

Sin of Prejudice

-       uncalled for generalization based on feelings of superiority

-       prejudice that cane be overcome if he’s going to RESPOND, he did respond


John 1:47

English Standard Version (ESV)

47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and said of him, “Behold, an Israelite indeed, in whom there is no deceit!”


-       under the fig tree

·         place of retreat , respite, to bal one

·         place of prayer, place of meditation, place of contemplation, place of coming with God, a place of reading the Scripture, a place of quietness

            John 1:48

                English Standard Version (ESV)

                        48 Nathanael said to him, “How do you know me?” Jesus answered him, “Before Philip      called you, when you were under the fig tree, I saw you.”


-       he was seeking God in the privacy of the shade of the fig tree


John 1:49

English Standard Version (ESV)

49 Nathanael answered him, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God! You are the King of Israel!”


-       Nathanael knew it immediately

-       saw DEITY in HIS PRESENCE

-       knocked over by one little act of OMNISCIENCE


            John 1:50-51

                English Standard Version (ESV)

                        50 Jesus answered him, “Because I said to you, ‘I saw you under the fig tree,’ do you        believe? You will see greater things than these.” 51 And he said to him, “Truly, truly, I say      to you,[a] you will see heaven opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending    on the Son of Man.”


-       understood the glory of Christ better than anybody else

-       he never asked another question

-       solid like a rock, at the start



Lord, again we thank You for the fact that this is such a heartening word to us. That You can use us in spite of ourselves. Not as we are, so much, but as You will make us and mold us and shape us. May we be willing to start out as learners. . .mathetes. . .disciples, to become apostles, trained to be sent for Your glory in Christ's name. Amen.